Nuclear safety: GRS completes EU project in support of Indonesian regulatory body
In May, a project financed by the European Union (EU) to support the Indonesian regulatory authority (BAPETEN) was successfully completed. Under the leadership of RISKAUDIT GRS/IRSN International, the technical support organisations of Germany (GRS) and France (IRSN) and the Finnish supervisory authority STUK were involved. The project was organised and financed within the framework of the EU's INSC (Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation) programme and was the EU's first cooperation with Indonesian partners in the field of nuclear safety.
One of the objectives of the three-year project "Enhancing the capacity and effectiveness of the regulatory body and developing a national waste management strategy project" was to improve and strengthen the legal framework for nuclear safety in Indonesia. In addition, the experts drew up national regulations for radioactive waste management. The work was based on European safety standards, safety standards of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and best international practices. In addition to the technical innovations, a corresponding personnel development and training programme was developed.
Tasks of GRS
GRS was responsible for the technical management of four of the seven work packages in the project. These included the further development and adaptation of the BAPETEN management system to the status of the relevant international standards and to the specifications of the IAEA. Another focus was on teaching methods that can be used to develop basic safety criteria for the design and operation of nuclear reactors. For this purpose, BAPETEN employees went to GRS in Germany on several occasions for on-the-job training.
In addition, GRS experts were able to contribute their know-how regarding the management of radioactive waste and of spent fuel from research reactors. For example, a guideline with specific requirements for radioactive waste management was developed and the legal basis for radioactive waste management was reviewed. In addition, a draft for a national waste management strategy was drawn up under the direction of GRS. In particular, the focus was on radioactive materials from applications in research, industry and medicine as well as from the operation and future decommissioning of research reactors. This was based on the Joint Convention and the EU Waste Directive.
The INSC is an EU support programme that finances projects in the fields of nuclear safety and security. The overriding objective is to establish a common understanding of nuclear safety, even beyond EU borders.
Cooperation began after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1989 with the PHARE programme (Poland and Hungary: Aid for Restructuring of the Economies) and in 1991 and with the TACIS programme (Technical Assistance to the Commonwealth of Independent States). While PHARE and TACIS initially focused on countries in Central and Eastern Europe, technical assistance was extended to non-European countries and the regions of the former Soviet Union with the launch of the INSC in 2007. Phase 2 of the INSC, which is planned to continue until 2021, has been running since 2014.