(GRS 451) Sealing Performance of Fractured Claystone and Clay-Based Materials
The geological disposal concepts for radioactive waste are generally based on a multibarrier system comprising the natural geological formations and engineered barriers. After waste emplacement, disposal cells, access drifts and shafts will be backfilled and sealed with suitable materials to prevent release of radionuclides into the biosphere. In the framework of the THM-TON project during the last ten years from 2007 to 2016, which was funded by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi) under contract number 02E10377, GRS investigated the thermo-hydro-mechanical properties and responses of clay rocks and clay-based backfill/seal materials. The results obtained during the first time period of 2007 to 2013 are summarized in the GRS report “Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical Processes in the Nearfield around a HLW Repository in Argillaceous Formations” with two volumes:
Volume I - Laboratory Investigations (GRS-312) /ZHA 13a/ and
Volume II - In-situ-Investigations and Interpretative Modelling (GRS-313) /ZHA 14a/.